How to Build OpenVPN Server on CentOS 6.x
#howto ,#tutorial #VPS – How to Build OpenVPN Server on CentOS 6.x – This tutorial explains step by step guide (with pics) about How to Build OpenVPN Server on CentOS 6.x
How to Install, Setup, Config OpenVPN on CentOS 6.4 – In this page I write full tutorial to guide you installing OpenVPN on CentOS 6.x server. I will try all the steps to be as clear as possible. Do not hesitate to ask if you have any question. Previously: How to install PPTP on CentOS 6.x (the easiest way).
What you need?
- A VPS or Dedicated server running CentOS 6.x
- Proper knowledge to use Putty, SSH and common Unix command
- Only for VPS based-on OpenVZ virtualization (other skip this): please enable TUN/TAP options in your VPS control panel (e.g: SolusVM).
OpenVZ VPS users only:
How to Install OpenVPN to Build CentOS VPN server
Step 0 – Login to your server via SSH. You better login as root.
Step 1 – Now issue this first command syntax:
yum install gcc make rpm-build autoconf.noarch zlib-devel pam-devel openssl-devel -y
Step 2 – Now download LZO RPM and Configure RPMForge Repo. Use wget command:
Step 3 – Now add correct repo for your server:
CentOS 6 32-bit (x86):
CentOS 6 64-bit (x86_64):
How to know which one is your server? Issue this command:
If you see “x86_64 GNU/Linux” at the end of the output line means your server is 64-bit. Otherwise if you see “i686 i386 GNU/Linux” or “x86 GNU/Linux” means your machine is 32-bit.
Step 4 – Then build the rpm package using this command:
rpmbuild --rebuild lzo-1.08-4.rf.src.rpm rpm -Uvh lzo-*.rpm rpm -Uvh rpmforge-release*
hit enter for each line above.
Step 5 – Issue the special yum command:
yum install openvpn -y
Step 6 – Copy the easy-rsa folder to /etc/openvpn/, use this command:
cp -R /usr/share/doc/openvpn-2.2.2/easy-rsa/ /etc/openvpn/
Step 7 – Now edit it:
Edit this line:
export KEY_CONFIG='$EASY_RSA/whichopensslcnf $EASY_RSA'
replace it with:
once done hit Control+O to save then Control+X to exit.
Step 8 – Create the certificate using these commands:
cd /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/2.0 chmod 755 * source ./vars ./vars ./clean-all
hit enter for each line.
Step 9 – It’s time to build necessary CA file:
Country Name: may be filled or press enter
State or Province Name: may be filled or press enter
City: may be filled or press enter
Org Name: may be filled or press enter
Org Unit Name: may be filled or press enter
Common Name: your server hostname
Email Address: may be filled or press enter
Step 10 – Time to build Key Server:
Almost the same with ./build.ca but check the changes and additional
Common Name: server
A challenge password: leave
Optional company name: fill or enter
sign the certificate: y
1 out of 1 certificate requests: y
You can simply leave them blank. The only 2 required are sign the certificate (choose “y”) and 1 out of 1 certificate requests (choose “y”)
Step 11 – Now issue command below to build Diffie Hellman:
Step 12 – Create OpenVPN config file:
Step 13 – Now enter this value in that config file:
port 1194 #- port proto udp #- protocol dev tun tun-mtu 1500 tun-mtu-extra 32 mssfix 1450 reneg-sec 0 ca /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/2.0/keys/ca.crt cert /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/2.0/keys/server.crt key /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/2.0/keys/server.key dh /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/2.0/keys/dh1024.pem plugin /usr/share/openvpn/plugin/lib/openvpn-auth-pam.so /etc/pam.d/login #- Comment this line if you are using FreeRADIUS #plugin /etc/openvpn/radiusplugin.so /etc/openvpn/radiusplugin.cnf #- Uncomment this line if you are using FreeRADIUS client-cert-not-required username-as-common-name server 10.8.0.0 255.255.255.0 push "redirect-gateway def1" push "dhcp-option DNS 126.96.36.199" push "dhcp-option DNS 188.8.131.52" keepalive 5 30 comp-lzo persist-key persist-tun status 1194.log verb 3
Save it once done. (Control+O then Control+X)
Step 14 – Lets start OpenVPN service on your server for the very first time:
service openvpn start
Step 15 – You’ll also need to enable IP forwarding in the file /etc/sysctl.conf. Open it and edit “net.ipv4.ip_forward” line to 1:
replace 0 with 1 in this line:
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1
Hit Control+O to save then Control+X to exit nano.
Step 16 – Issue this command to load the change:
Step 17 – Create new Linux username which can also be used to login to the VPN:
useradd username -s /bin/false
replace username with your own username.
Then also create its password:
Step 18 – Now route some iptables.
Xen and KVM users use:
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 10.8.0.0/24 -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE
special for OpenVZ use these two instead:
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o venet0 -j SNAT --to-source 184.108.40.206
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 10.8.0.0/24 -j SNAT --to-source 220.127.116.11
Do not forget to replace 18.104.22.168 with your server IP. Pic:
Step 19 – Note: if you have CSF on the same server you need to open your OpenVPN port (Usually 1194) through the firewall and run the below commands for CSF:
iptables -A FORWARD -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT iptables -A FORWARD -s 10.8.0.0/24 -j ACCEPT iptables -A FORWARD -j REJECT iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 10.8.0.0/24 -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -j SNAT --to-source 22.214.171.124
Step 20 – Now save that iptables rules:
service iptables save
Step 21 – Finally lets create a server.ovpn config file. To make it easy, you can simply create it on your local computer using Notepad (or any other simple text editor tool). Enter following in that file:
client dev tun proto udp remote 126.96.36.199 1194 # - Your server IP and OpenVPN Port resolv-retry infinite nobind tun-mtu 1500 tun-mtu-extra 32 mssfix 1450 persist-key persist-tun ca ca.crt auth-user-pass comp-lzo reneg-sec 0 verb 3
Then save it with .ovpn extension. Save that file in the config directory of where you installed OpenVPN client in your computer. See screenshot:
Step 22 – That’s it. Now you can copy ca.crt file from /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/2.0/keys/ directory and place it in your server’s document root (public_html).
cp /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/2.0/keys/ca.crt /path/to/public/directory
cp /etc/openvpn/easy-rsa/2.0/keys/ca.crt /var/www/servermom.com/public_html
Now you can download the ca.crt file from your browser by going to domain.com/ca.crt then save it to the same folder as .ovpn file you created earlier.
That’s it. Now you can login to your VPN using username and password you’ve created. ENJOY..
Also Read: Get caught using this common VPN connection? I wrote another tutorial how to build Scrambled undetected-version of OpenVPN server, also on CentOS.
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