Full Setup A Working Apache Server on Ubuntu 16.04
#howto ,#tutorial #VPS – Full Setup A Working Apache Server on Ubuntu 16.04 – This tutorial explains step by step guide (with pics) about Full Setup A Working Apache Server on Ubuntu 16.04
So Ubuntu has received newer major update making it version 16.0 which also known as Xenial Xerus. Some people also say that this new update is the best Ubuntu release so far. In this article I show you how to install full Apache stack on it. We will have Apache, MariaDB, and of course the fastest version of PHP, the PHP 7 – this setup is also known as LAMP Stack. Usually the abbreviation stands for Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP but in this guide we’ll replace conventional MySQL server with its drop-in replacement, MariaDB server to give better and more sleek performance in handling your apps’ database.
Also read : How to setup nginx with HTTP/2 and free SSL at Ubuntu.
- A SSH client like Bitvise or Putty and basic knowledge about how to use it.
- Basic knowledge about common Unix command to SSH to your server.
- A server or VPS with at least 256MB of RAM (OpenVZ) but 512MB is recommended if you are using KVM or Xen.
- About 30 minutes of your time.
- a cup of coffee or tea.
Confused on choosing which VPS provider to setup an Apache based hosting server? Read my recommended VPS providers or this list of top low end cloud server providers. Quick recommendation: Digital Ocean, Atlantic.net or Ramnode.
In this guide I am using a 512MB RAM Cloud VPS from Atlantic running Ubuntu 16.04 x64.
Do not forget to always replace domain.tld with your own domain name and replace x.x.x.x with your server IP address.
Provision a cloud server
Step 1 – Login to Atlantic.net > click on Servers > Add Server.
Step 2 – Give your server a name and choose in which location you want it to be hosted at. Currently, Atlantic.net has 6 different locations available: New York, Dallas, Orlando, San Fransisco, Toronto (CA), and London (UK).
Step 3 – Choose Ubuntu 16.04 as the operating system for your cloud vps.
Step 4 – Decide which plan you want (and you need).
Step 5 – Finally, click on the Create Server button.
Step 6 – The process should take less than 1 minute to complete.
Step 6 – Once done, the login details will be emailed to your inbox.
Step 7 – Login to your server via Putty.
Step 8 – Type this command to change default Hostname. Use proper FQDN hostname format:
hostname host.domain.tld ## example : hostname atlantic.servermom.org
Step 9 – Close Putty and re-login using new session and you should now see it has changed. It is also a good practice to change given root password with your own.
Step 1 – As usual, installing Apache webserver on Ubuntu is as easy as a piece of cake. By default, Ubuntu has included the package and it is available in default repository. Just issue following command :
apt-get install apache2
Do not forget to always answer Y when asked.
Step 2 – Now let’s enable Apache2 service and start it.
systemctl enable apache2 systemctl start apache2
Step 3 – Verify the status of Apache whether it has run properly or not.
systemctl status apache2
Step 4 – Open up your favorite web browser (e.g: Firefox) and access your server through the IP address. You should then see Apache’s default page like this one :
You may read that page if you want because it contains very useful basic information about Apache on Ubuntu.
Install MariaDB Server
Assuming that you use fresh Ubuntu server, so I’ll go straight forward with the steps. Otherwise, if you have MySQL running then you have to firstly stop and remove its service.
Step 1 – Again, we can simply use apt-get command because its package is available in default repository.
apt-get install mariadb-server
Step 2 – During the process, you may be asked to enter database root password. Remember, database root user is not the same as your server root user. Therefore, it is always a good idea to have different password set for each. However, if the system does not ask you to define database root password for MariaDB, then you can simply issue following command :
Step 3 – You’ll be asked to answer a series of questions.
Enter current password for root (enter for none): <-- Just hit enter because we don't have any password Set root password? [Y/n] y <-- answer Y and hit enter New password: <-- type in your password here Re-enter new password: <-- type in again Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] <-- just hit enter Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] <-- just hit enter Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] <-- just hit enter Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] <-- just hit enter
See this screenshot pic :
Step 4 – Let’s check the status of your newly installed MariaDB server.
service mysql status
You should see no critical error listed. However, in rare cases you may also see this problem :
error message :
[Warning] ‘user’ entry ‘root@localhost’ has both a password and an authentication plugin specified.
The follow this additional step :
Try to login to MariaDB server as root but without password. Successful login means the root password you have specified before is not taking place yet.
mysql -u root use mysql; update user set plugin='' where User='root'; flush privileges; q
Next, issue this command again and follow the steps thoroughly:
Step 1 – Before we install it, let’s firstly update your apt database :
apt-get update -y
Step 2 – Now let’s install PHP7 on your Ubuntu 16.04 server plus few of its common PHP7 modules:
apt-get install php7.0-mysql php7.0-curl php7.0-json php7.0-cgi php7.0
The command above will automatically install following packages : php7.0, libcurl3, php-common, php7.0-cli, php7.0-common, php7.0-opcache, php7.0-readline, php7.0-cgi, php7.0-curl, php7.0-mysql, and soon.
Step 3 – Verify that you have truly installed php 7 by issuing this command :
You’ll then get following message :
as you can see above, in my case it is PHP v7.0.4.
Step 4 – Now create a PHP test file :
Step 5 – Then put this code :
<?php phpinfo(); ?>
Do not forget to hit Control+O to save the file and Control+X to exit Nano editor.
Step 6 – Now open up your web browser again and try accessing that file :
Step 7 – You should now see detailed PHP information page. What if I got a blank page? Then it means the .php file you’ve just created is not rendered and PHP is not working properly. Now install this additional php module :
apt-get install libapache2-mod-php
Now restart apache2 service and try it again on your browser
service apache2 restart
Next : Install phpMyAdmin on Ubutu 16.04 LAMP Server
That’s all. From this point your server is basically ready to use. What’s next to do is simply creating virtual hosts file to add your website on it. We’ll discuss that in another article. However, if you want, you can simply read my previous similar article about the same goal but was done on older Ubuntu version. Anyway, do not forget to follow me on twitter to get faster update or subscribe with your email.
This post Full Setup A Working Apache Server on Ubuntu 16.04 is part of ServerMom.