How to install LEMP on centos 6 ( Nginx, PHP, Mysql )

Tuesday, February 11th 2014. | Basic guide, centos, how to, installation, Linux, Server, setup, step by step, VPS

How to install LEMP on centos 6 ( Nginx, PHP, Mysql ) –

LEMP stack

LEMP stack is nothing but a group of open source softwares combined together to make a webserver . LEMP refers to the first letters of Linux , Nginx ( Engine x ) , Mysql and PHP .
About Nginx, It is a lightweight webserver which is more stable and secure, it serves static content 50 times faster than Apache.

Install LEMP on centos 6.5

Let’s start the installation .

Nginx installation

Step 1 » Install Nginx repository package . you could find the latest package here ( Nginx linux packages )
[root@krizna ~]# rpm -ivh http://nginx.org/packages/centos/6/noarch/RPMS/nginx-release-centos-6-0.el6.ngx.noarch.rpm[or]
Create a file /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo and add the following lines to the file.

[nginx]
name=nginx repo
baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/OS/OSRELEASE/$basearch/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1

Step 2 » Update the repository and install nginx.
[root@krizna ~]# yum check-update
[root@krizna ~]# yum install nginx

Step 3 » After the installation . Let’s start the service .
[root@krizna ~]# service nginx startIssue the below command to start service automatically while reboot.
[root@krizna ~]# chkconfig nginx on
These are the default directories and files
Default document root directory: /usr/share/nginx/html
Default configuration file: /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
Default Virtual host config directory: /etc/nginx/conf.d/
Default Virtual host config file: /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf
Step 4 » Now the nginx service has started . By default, Nginx will listen on port 80 which has to be excluded in iptables .
Check the listening 80 port using netstat command
[root@krizna ~]# netstat -ntl | grep :80
Install lemp on centos 6
Now open /etc/sysconfig/iptables file and add the following line.
-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT Which should be before reject line looks below
-A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
and restart iptables service
[root@krizna ~]# service iptables restart
Step 5 » Now open your browser and goto http://serverip ( http://192.168.1.15). you could see the default nginx page like below.
Install lemp on centos 6
If you are not getting the page . try to stop iptables using the below commands and try again .
[root@krizna ~]# service iptables stopTo stop permanently .[root@krizna ~]# chkconfig iptables offDisabling iptables is not recommended ( Check this Centos iptables )

Mysql installation

Step 6 » Install mysql server and client using the below command.
[root@krizna ~]# yum install mysql mysql-server
Step 7 » Start mysql service and enable automatic start during bootup.
[root@krizna ~]# service mysqld start
[root@krizna ~]# chkconfig mysqld on

Step 8 » Use below command to secure mysql installation and for creating root password. This will prompt to enter current password, just press enter and create a new password and proceed the installation by giving yes to all.
[root@krizna ~]# /usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation
Enter current password for root (enter for none):
OK, successfully used password, moving on...
Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MySQL
root user without the proper authorisation.
Set root password? [Y/n] y
New password:
Re-enter new password:
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
... Success!

Step 9 » Test your mysql connection using the created password.
[root@krizna ~]# mysql -u root -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or g.
Your MySQL connection id is 11
Server version: 5.1.71 Source distribution
Copyright (c) 2000, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.
Type 'help;' or 'h' for help. Type 'c' to clear the current input statement.
mysql>

PHP installation

PHP-FPM is an alternative PHP FastCGI implementation .
Step 9 » Install php-fpm and php-mysql.
[root@krizna ~]# yum install php-fpm php-mysql
Step 10 » Open /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf which is config file for php-fpm and change user and group from apache to nginx.
; RPM: apache Choosed to be able to access some dir as httpd
user = nginx
; RPM: Keep a group allowed to write in log dir.
group = nginx

Step 11 » Start php-fpm service and enable auto start during startup.
[root@krizna ~]#service php-fpm start
[root@krizna ~]#chkconfig php-fpm on

Step 12 » Create a virtual host /etc/nginx/conf.d/phptest.conf file and add the below code .

server {
    listen       8080;                          # listen port
    server_name  localhost;                     # Server name (www.krizna.com)
    location / {
        root   /usr/share/nginx/html;           # Document root
        index index.php  index.html index.htm;
    }
    location ~ .php$ {
        root           /usr/share/nginx/html;   # Document root
        fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_index  index.php;
        fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        include        fastcgi_params;
    }
}

Step 13 » Create info.php in the path /usr/share/nginx/html as mentioned in the Vhost config file and add the below lines .

<?php
phpinfo();
?>

Step 14 » Allow port 8080 in the iptables ( Step 4 ) and open your browser and goto http://serverip:8080/info.php ( http://192.168.1.15:8080/info.php ) . you could the get PHP info page like below.
Install lemp on centos 6
Step 15 » Now we can check database connectivity from PHP . create another file dbtest.php in the same location and add the below code to the file and replace your mysql password in the code.

<?php
$con = mysql_connect("localhost","root","password");
if (!$con)
{
die('Could not connect: ' . mysql_error());
}
else
{
echo "Congrats! connection established successfully";
}
mysql_close($con);
?>

Step 16 » Now access http://serverip:8080/dbtest.php .if everything is perfect you could get “Congrats!” message as stated in the code.
Install lemp on centos 6

With SSL

Step 17 » This is the example code with SSL enabled .

server {
    listen       443;                           # listen port
    server_name  localhost;                     # Server name (www.krizna.com)
    ssl on;                                   
    ssl_certificate /etc/nginx/server.crt;      # Path to Certificate file
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/nginx/server.key;  # Path to key file
    location / {
        root   /usr/share/nginx/html;           # Document root
        index index.php  index.html index.htm;
    }
    location ~ .php$ {
        root           /usr/share/nginx/html;   # Document root
        fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_index  index.php;
        fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        include        fastcgi_params;
    }
}

All the best.

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